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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

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Muscovite rulers Ivan III and Ivan the Terrible, Peter the Great-, and
Nicholas I, should be studied before the works of Lenin and Stalin to
obtain a comparison with present day reality in the Russia of the twentieth
century. It will be found that she is a country so tied down to her
determination to expand by conquest that she has never yet found the
opportunity to maintain equal progress with other peoples in the
development of her social and economic life, The foremost law of
Russian policy has always been the conquest of new territories and the
execution of this law is the principle task of the absolute ruler, who is
synonymous with the State. During the last few years Soviet philosophy
had zealously drawn material from the Muscovite past for this very
purpose. No longer does the present-day Russian condemn the ancient
Tsars and executioners of the peoples, he has returned to a worship of
Ivan the Terrible, Peter the Great, Catherine the II, and to the glorifica-
tion of the most eminent representatives of Tsarist tyranny, as to those
who were the founders of the actual Soviet EmpireŚwith its rulers the
Great Russians. The Western World, particularly the peoples of the
Atlantic Democracies who have not possessed within their countries
a ruling class connected with any particular nationality, could not suspect
of its existence in Russia. Throughout the centuries, this ruling national
class had executed its internal expansion in the most ruthless of ways by
the extermination of the leading elements of the other nationalities and by
a determined russification which meant an enforced change over to
Russian nationality and mode of life by depriving the conquered peoples
of their language, religion and national institutions.
Under the Soviets there was to be no change in this governmental
policy apart from its slogans,, and, with the perfecting of the police-
machine, this process only gained in speed and intensity. From the
first that Great Russian element, "the most conscious proletariat and victor
in the Revolution " was recognised as " Herrenvolk," and was to occupy
the key positions throughout the Soviet Empire.
After the defeat of Germany and Japan, Russia., as the sole Imperialist
Power, stood alone on the threshold of a new era in the struggle for world
hegemony, anticipating her expansion by acquisition of new territories.
With her strongly organised, compact ruling centre, whose main task
was the preparation for new campaigns, Soviet Russia was still spiritually
at any rate, in the position to attack. But her war-potential was tem-
porarily incapable of this task when taking into account the strength
of the Atlantic Powers. Exhausted by the German invasion and the
enormous loss sustained by her population., Russia, overburdened with
her gigantic booty, now comprising of one-third of the Western World*
possessed neither a modern army nor the possibility of creating an
army such as the United States and Great Britain would have at their
disposal. The discovery of the atomic bomb by the Anglo-Saxon
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